CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (CBS) — A Harvard University professor is making the case that we are likely not alone in the universe. Astronomer Avi Loeb’s new book “Extraterrestrial” examines the 2017 flyby of a space object that he believes was truly out of this world.
“At first people thought, well it must be a rock, just like the asteroids or comets that we have seen before within the solar system,” Loeb told CBSN Boston’s Paula Ebben. “But as they got more data on it, it looks very weird.”
The cigar-shaped object seen by telescopes was dubbed “Oumuamua” – meaning “a messenger that reaches out from the distant past” in Hawaiian. It is 10 times as long as it is wide and traveling at speeds of 196,000 mph, researchers said at the time.
“It didn’t look like a comet yet it behaved some like something that has an extra push,” Loeb said.
NASA confirmed that it’s “the first object ever seen in our solar system that is known to have originated elsewhere,” but said its origins are unknown.
Loeb argues in his book that the object was probably debris from advanced alien technology – space junk from many light years away. It may have been a type of “light sail” propelled by sunlight, a technology that humans are currently developing for space exploration.
“It’s possible that there is a lot of space junk out there or it is a probe,” he said. “We don’t know because we didn’t collect enough data, enough evidence and I’m just alerting everyone to look for objects like that so that next time there is one coming by we will examine it more carefully.”
Loeb said it’s time for researchers to look for potential “messages in a bottle” like Oumuamua instead of just searching for radio signals as evidence for other civilizations. He said his ideas are not popular in the scientific community right now – talking about potential extraterrestrial intelligence is “out of the mainstream, and it should not be.”
“We should be open minded and search for evidence rather than assume that everything we see in the sky must be rocks,” he said.
For those doubtful about the existence of aliens, Loeb says to consider the odds.
“We know that half of the sun-like stars have a planet the size of the Earth roughly the same distance from the star, so they can have liquid water on the surface – that’s the chemistry of life,” he said. “That means that if you roll the dice billions of times in the Milky Way galaxy, we’re probably not alone, and moreover we’re probably not the sharpest cookie in the jar, the smartest kid on the block.”