WASHINGTON — Marking the 50th anniversary of the Voting Rights Act, President Barack Obama remembered the African-American men and women across the South who won their rights through persistence and courage, and he urged citizens today not to give up that hard-earned power of the ballot.

Americans owe a great debt, Obama said, to the “thousands, many of them unnamed, who were courageous enough to walk up and try to register time and time again.”

“Sharecroppers, maids, ordinary folks — had it not been for them awakening the consciousness of the nation, the president could not have mustered the political support that was required to ultimately get this seminal law passed,” Obama said.

He appeared at a White House event alongside Rep. John Lewis, D-Ga., who was among the civil rights protesters who marched with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in Selma, Ala., in 1965. Police beatings of those protesters aired on the nightly news shows stirred outrage that helped President Lyndon Johnson push the Voting Rights Act through Congress.

Obama said the right of all to vote is accepted now, “in the abstract, at least,” but has been eroded by voter ID laws, bans on voting by felons and other measures that fall hardest on minorities, the poor, students or the elderly.

He called on Congress to revise and strengthen the Voting Rights Act in response to a Supreme Court decision that struck down a major provision of the law as outdated.

Still, Obama said, it’s not voter suppression efforts that are primarily to blame for keeping Americans away from the polls.

“The fact of the matter is that far more people disenfranchise themselves than any law does by not participating, by not getting involved,” Obama said.

“Huge chunks of us citizens give away our power,” he said.

Obama declared a national voter registration day on Sept. 22 and called for a sweeping effort to get everyone registered.

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