BRUSSELS (CBS News/CBSDC/AP) — NATO leaders this week will be asked to approve the creation of a high-readiness force and the stockpiling of military equipment and supplies in Eastern Europe to help protect member nations there against potential Russian aggression, the alliance’s secretary general said Monday.
As NATO prepares to counter potential Russian aggression, the rebels in Ukraine that operate with Moscow’s backing softened their demand for full independence Monday, saying they would respect Ukraine’s sovereignty in exchange for autonomy – a shift that reflects Moscow’s desire to strike a deal at a new round of peace talks.
It remains unclear, however, whether the talks can reach a compromise amid the brutal fighting that has continued in eastern Ukraine. On Monday, the rebels pushed Ukrainian government forces from an airport near Luhansk, the second-largest rebel-held city, the latest in a series of military gains.
The fighting in Ukraine is also spreading to other parts of the country.
Firmly in control of the first contested city of Donetsk, the rebels are consolidating hold on the city of Novoazovsk, which they seized last week, reports CBS News correspondent Elizabeth Palmer.
Twenty miles away lies the industrial center of Mariupol, widely assumed to be next on the rebels’ list.
But the pro-Russian forces won’t be welcome here.
Residents came out on the weekend to show their support for the Ukrainian government. In town, a local store was outfitting Mariupol men to join militias units being formed to fight the rebels, while in the next room, women volunteers wove rags into camouflage nets.
Everyone is bracing for a battle Russia still seems determined to back.
This may be why NATO has ratcheted up its readiness should Russia’s ambitions also spread.
“The Readiness Action Plan will ensure that we have the right forces and the right equipment in the right place, at the right time,” Anders Fogh Rasmussen said. “Not because NATO wants to attack anyone. But because the dangers and the threats are more present and more visible. And we will do what it takes to defend our allies.”
President Barack Obama and leaders of NATO’s other member countries open a summit meeting Thursday in Wales that is expected to be dominated by how the U.S-led alliance should react over the long term to Russian actions toward Ukraine and the implications for security in Europe.
At a pre-summit news conference, Rasmussen said alliance officials have drafted a detailed plan that “responds to Russia’s aggressive behavior” but also equips NATO to respond to all security challenges, wherever they may arise.
At its core: a proposed new force that Rasmussen said could be composed of several thousand troops contributed on a rotating basis by the 28 NATO countries.
Backed by air and naval assets, the unit would be a “spearhead” that could be deployed at very short notice to help NATO members defend themselves, Rasmussen said.
Since the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula by Russia in March, Poland and other Eastern European members of NATO have demanded the alliance take a more active and high-profile role in their defense. Other allies, though, have been wary of doing anything that might endanger a 1997 agreement with Moscow under which NATO pledged not to base substantial numbers of soldiers in Eastern Europe on a permanent basis.
The compromise the NATO leadership appear to have worked out is the pre-positioning of equipment and supplies in Eastern Europe so the new high-readiness force “can travel light, but strike hard if needed,” in Rasmussen’s words.
Airfields and seaports in the region could also be upgraded to permit their use by the force, Rasmussen said.
Another senior NATO official, briefing reporters on condition he not be identified by name, said the new high-readiness force would be expected to deploy to any alliance member country within 48 hours.
The “spearhead” unit is one of a dozen measures NATO officials are proposing to deal with a fast-changing and riskier global security environment to the alliance’s east and south, the senior official said.
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