Congress Moves to Block D.C. Pot Decriminalization

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D.C.'s plans to decriminalize marijuana is being challenged on Capitol Hill. (credit: Stefan Zaklin and ALAIN JOCARD/AFP/Getty Images)

D.C.’s plans to decriminalize marijuana is being challenged on Capitol Hill. (credit: Stefan Zaklin and ALAIN JOCARD/AFP/Getty Images)

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UPDATED: June 25, 2014 4:19 p.m.

WASHINGTON (WNEW/AP) — The Republican-led House moved Wednesday to block the nation’s capital from liberalizing its marijuana laws through an amendment to a major spending bill.

Democratic Mayor Vincent Gray signed a bill in March that decriminalizes possession of small amounts of pot. Under the law, set to take effect next month, possession of less than one ounce would become a civil offense subject to a $25 fine, one of the lowest in the nation.

District of Columbia leaders had been optimistic that Congress would not intervene, given that more than a third of the states have some form of decriminalization and federal officials appeared much more concerned about Colorado and Washington state, which have legalized the drug.

But on Wednesday, tea party-affiliated GOP Rep. Andy Harris of Maryland called the $25 fines too low and said the law would lead to a spike in drug use among young people. Harris, a physician, said marijuana has been shown to harm the developing brain.

“Whether you’re 12 or 40, the fine is $25. In fact, if you’re 12 and possess a cigarette, the fine is $50 in D.C.,” Harris said. “That’s just plain bad policy. This is the opportunity to stop that bad policy from going forward.”

The amendment would not take the law off the books, but would block it from taking effect by barring the district from spending local tax dollars to relax penalties for recreational marijuana. Congress used a similar amendment to block the District from implementing its medical marijuana program for 10 years.

The House Appropriations Committee approved the amendment on a mostly party-line vote, with one Democrat, Rep. Henry Cuellar of Texas, joining 27 Republicans in voting for it.

The ultimate fate of the amendment will likely depend on negotiations between the House and the Democratic-controlled Senate and White House over the spending bill. Similar negotiations in 2011 led to the reintroduction of a ban on the District spending local tax dollars on abortions for poor women, which remains in place. Gray and other District leaders were arrested in a protest outside the Capitol after the White House and the Senate agreed not to remove the abortion ban.

Opponents of the amendment said Harris was inappropriately meddling in local affairs, noting that Maryland is among the 17 states that have decriminalized pot. Lawmakers in the heavily Democratic district pushed decriminalization as a way to end what studies have shown are huge racial disparities in the way pot laws are enforced in the city.

“It just doesn’t seem right that the Eastern Shore of Maryland should be able to reach over into D.C. and make laws for D.C.,” said Rep. Jim Moran, D-Va. “It’s not the way this country is supposed to function.”

The Drug Policy Alliance argued that the move could backfire and lead to de facto legalization. Because the spending bill won’t be approved until after the District law takes effect, it would only block police from issuing the $25 tickets, the group said.

Pedro Ribeiro, a spokesman for Gray, said officials were reviewing the impact the amendment would have if enacted.

D.C. Marijuana Law Key Points

  • Possession of an ounce or less of marijuana is no longer a criminal offense. A possession charged had carried a penalty of up to six months in jail and a $1,000 fine.
  • Possession of an ounce or less is now a civil offense punishable by a fine of $25.
  • Maximum penalty for smoking marijuana in public becomes 60 days in jail and $500 fine. Previously, the charge had carried a penalty of up to six months in jail and $1,000 fine.
  • Individuals now protected from detainment, frisking, searching, and arrest based solely on possession of an ounce or less or based on the smell of marijuana.
  • Growing, sale, and possession of over an ounce of marijuana remain criminal offenses.
  • No change to existing driving under the influence law.

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(TM and Copyright 2014 CBS Radio Inc. and its relevant subsidiaries. CBS RADIO and EYE Logo TM and Copyright 2014 CBS Broadcasting Inc. Used under license. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. The Associated Press contributed to this report.)

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