WASHINGTON (AP) — Former Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso has won the $1 million Kluge Prize created by the Library of Congress to honor achievements in the humanities not covered by the Nobel Prizes.
The library announced Monday that Cardoso’s study of Brazil’s social structures laid the groundwork for his leadership to transform his country from a military dictatorship into a vibrant economy.
Cardoso served as president from 1995 to 2002, charting Brazil’s rise to become the world’s sixth largest economy.
The library says Cardoso’s research broke new ground on the impact of Brazil’s slave heritage on its contemporary economy. He showed that subservience of industry and labor to an authoritarian government did not promote economic development.
Cardoso and Chilean Enzo Faletto argued developing countries could strategically partner with foreign companies for growth.
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